Sample Community Development Agreement

The new Sierra Leone Mines and Minerals Act 2009 requires companies to negotiate a CDA with the municipality concerned. The case study removes from the intense process and contributes to three important lessons for resolving disputes between communities and mines and improving local relations. It is important that the willingness to engage, meet and sit down with different stakeholders has been key. The various parties, all composed of Mongolians, approved the mediation mechanism. Second, the role of external mediators, coaches and expertise was essential. This has enabled the parties to improve their capacities and knowledge, reduce perceived inequalities and put ideas and issues on the table in a clear and reasonable way. Although less stressed in Mongolia, the active and committed participation of the dominant player, in this case the OT mine, was essential. The complaint handling and resolution process may have cost the company $1 million. The social impact has focused on livelihoods, economic damage, alternative sources of income and recognition of land rights. Environmental impact was a visual and tangible concern regarding groundwater abstraction, pasture degradation, the effects of dust on human and animal health, and the fragmentation of the country due to mining-related infrastructure (roads, quarries and airports). Another, more nebulous, sensitive topic was the ability to continue the traditional livelihoods and customs of mobile herders in the face of decades of mining interruptions. CORDAID organised an expert meeting in Amsterdam on 6 June 2011 to discuss municipal development agreements on 10 June 2011. In the past, state regulatory efforts and voluntary industry initiatives have been standard practices for solving local development problems in resource extraction.

However, these approaches have often been unsatisfactory, particularly from a community perspective, as they have not been able to resolve local complaints and improve interaction with the community (Jackson, 2015); Nwapi, 2017). In this difficult context, the concept of CDA has gained importance as an effective method of improving relations between the mining industry and the Community. Supported by international agencies (World Bank, 2012), mining consortia (ICMM, 2012) and practitioners (Loutit et al., 2016), CDAs can replace industrial initiatives and public regulation as a process for resolving the conflict over resource extraction. In addition, we strive to include in each language as many copies of real agreements negotiated in different communities as possible. Mining &Communities: Supporting human rights-based development in the context of industrial mining in Guinea, October 2016Link: Memorandum of Understanding between Rio Tinto Exploration Pty Ltd and the Northern Land Council Northern Territory, Australia, December 1, 2001Link: In Canada, particularly in First Nations, there is considerable experience in developing impact agreements. . . .

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